Roulette games were established in France back in the 18th century, and it was French who created the most popular type of this wheel game. What now is known under the name of French roulette is the classical European version (featuring a single zero) with several additional rules. The main advantage of French type is the most favorable house edge imaginable in roulette (1.35% for certain bets).
French roulette gained significant popularity not only in France but mainly at the resorts in Monte Carlo. This gambling game evolved from older entertainments with the wheel and featured numbers from 0 to 36. The rule called La Partage, by which we distinguish the French version, was originally present in the game in the 18th century.
Many casino operators didn’t like a low house edge and introduced double zeros to the game (at first, 0 and 00 were not green but red and black). French entrepreneurs Francois and Louis Blanc brought back the single zero type and made it internationally accepted as a norm. Now gamblers mostly prefer European roulette and know the French one as its subtype.
Rules of Play
French roulette features a wheel numbered from 0 to 36. Each round the ball is being turned to motion, and players need to guess on which number it will land at the end. There are numerous betting options involved in the game: one can choose the exact number or a small range of them, as well as larger groupings.
Inside Bets in French Roulette
All of them have the same house edge of 2.7% and offer different chances:
- straight up (wagering on the exact number): 36:1 odds, 35:1 payout
- split (two adjacent numbers): 17.5:1 odds, 17:1 payout
- street (the line of three consecutive numbers): 11.33:1 odds, 11:1 payout
- trio (three numbers including zero): 11.33:1 odds, 11:1 payout
- corner (four numbers at the corner): 8.25:1 odds, 8:1 payout
- six lines (two lines with three consecutive numbers each): 5.17:1 odds, 5:1 payout
Outside Bets in French Roulette
Even-money bets are distinguished by the lowest house edge possible in roulette (1.35%), while wagering on dozens and columns feature casino’s advantage of 2.7%. The probabilities are the following:
- Red/Black: 1.06:1 odds, 1:1 payouts
- Even/Odd: 1.06:1 odds, 1:1 payouts
- High (19-36)/Low (1-18): 1.06:1 odds, 1:1 payouts
- dozens: 2.08:1 odds, 2:1 payouts
- columns: 2.08:1 odds, 2:1 payouts
Additional Rules of French roulette
The difference of French roulette is that a player loses only half of his even-money bets when the ball hits zero. In all other versions, any zero sector makes all participants lose unless they’ve wagered on it. This additional rule is called La Partage.
In many versions, French roulette also has the rule En Prison, which also lowers the house edge. According to it, even-money bets will be left on the same spot when the ball lands on zero. This is an additional opportunity to win something with the same wager.
These features are the reasons why you should play French roulette, as they make the process more profitable and therefore exciting.
The French Bets
Apart from well-known inside and outside bets, there are some series of numbers with special French names. These extra bets are not available in most other versions of the game.
- Voisins du zero: 17 numbers placed on the wheel between 22 and 25
- Jeu zero: 6 numbers closest to zero + zero itself
- Le tiers du cylindre: 12 numbers on the opposite side
- Orphelins: two groups of numbers outside the Tiers and Voisins
- Finales en plein: the number + others that end with the same digit
Modern Versions of French Roulette
The game is quite popular nowadays, and many developers made the versions to play French roulette online. You can try this game in a mobile version or a multiplayer mode. Live dealer solutions are rapidly gaining popularity now, and French roulette is also available in such variation.
Before playing French roulette for money, learn its rules inside out for free. This is a luck-based game that doesn’t require any skills or advanced strategies, but you need to understand all the rules and the winning odds. Since it’s the most favorable to players type of the game (especially compared to American roulette with a house edge of 5.26%), don’t hesitate to play it and get the most of it!