Roulette is one of the most demanded gambling games, and no casino would function without it. Its invention is often attributed to French mathematician Blaise Pascal who tried to create a perpetual motion machine in the 17th century. There’s also an opinion that the game’s roots stretch back to ancient China where people enjoyed a table game with 37 animal figures arranged in a square with numbers. This theory can hardly be proved, but we can say for sure that roulette is entertainment which corresponds to the oldest visions of gambling that has been evolving and changing over time.
Brief Historical Outlook
Discoveries show possible prototypes of roulette not only from China but also ancient Rome and Greece. The game itself, in a version people around the globe know it, was established in 17th century France. Different games spread in Europe at that time pushed the emergence of real roulette: Roly Poly (a horizontal-wheel game first mentioned in 1720 in London), Even-Odd (a game featuring a wheel with “E” and “O” positions all the way), Biribi (an Italian board game with numbers from 1 to 70). Despite its French name and connection to this country, during the next two centuries, the game was namely called “Italian roulette” (38 numbers) and “German roulette” (18).
The appearance of zero and double zero features are dated by the late 1790s. They were colored red and black, like all other elements, but soon replaced by green. Double zero was removed from the traditional version by Blanc brothers in 1843. They exported the game to Monte Carlo, and shortly afterwards, it became popular all over the world. Playing without a double zero gave more chances to players and reduced the house edge – no wonder this type has been the most popular till the present day.
Getting established in America, roulette first had even three segments to bring profits to the house: two zeros and an eagle symbol. This type spread over the continents of North and South America. It was different from the European version also in the manner it was played. Roulette in the US was mostly placed in gambling dens and had simplified rules to make the process faster, while in casino centres like Monte Carlo, roulette was a leisurely and relaxing experience.
The 20th century didn’t bring any changes until the Internet boom: since casinos moved online, the number of options of which roulette to play and how has rapidly increased. Nowadays, you can find an impressive array of online roulette types, including traditional versions, innovative ones, and ones with live dealers, accessible via any device.
Wide Range of Variations
There are so many roulette variations you can play for free or for real money that we can hardly name them all. The most common still are European and American roulette that have one and two zeros, respectively. The wheel is numbered up to 36, and the outside table offers to place bets on red/black, odd/even, columns of numbers or their groups. You should note that double zero significantly increases the house edge: compare 2.7% in European roulette with 5.26% in the American one. Payouts depend on the bet type, and the highest profit you can get in the game is by guessing the exact number the ball would land on (the rate is 1:35).
There are versions designed for a particular audience: for instance, Roulette Pro has minimum and maximum bet limitations, and Roulette High Limit is targeted at high roller players.
French roulette is another popular type of the game, which is played similarly to the European version but is entirely red and has some additional rules. When the ball hits zero, all participants will lose half instead of the whole bet. One more specific feature: a bet on Odd/Even will automatically remain active for the next spin if the ball lands on zero.
Casinos offer plenty of online roulette games:
- Multi-Ball Roulette: not a single ball but up to three of them are spinning on the wheel, increasing your excitement and winning chances
- Multi-Wheel Roulette: you will have eight times more chances, as up to eight wheels can be activated
- Live Dealer Roulette: to get a lifelike experience at home, you can choose this type, where the action is broadcasted from a special studio with real croupiers
There are also many mixed games that combine features of roulette with other entertainments (for example, bingo-like Spingo provides a three-color wheel and a range of numbers up to 10), or just multi-colored versions that add green, yellow, blue, and purple to traditional red and black. Modern technologies allow for offering not only live dealer solutions but also 3D games – 3D Roulette will bring your favorite type of roulette to the highest level of realism and immersiveness.
Mastering Roulette Betting
First of all, before playing online roulette for real money, make sure you understand all the rules and have tried the game in a free mode. All reliable casinos allow playing for free. Do your research and choose the platform that suits you the most: check whether games are accessible on your device and can adapt to your screen size, find out about security measures: real-money casinos have to be regulated and regularly tested. Also, pick the one that offers achievable bonuses you’ll be able to use in games you’re interested in.
Odds and Payouts
To succeed in the game, it’s essential to read roulette terms to understand your options and payouts for various bets. There are even bets that are paid 1 to 1: winning after betting a dollar on Red/Black or Odd/Even will bring you $2. The lower are the odds, the higher are the payouts. You can get the biggest prize by guessing the exact number the ball will land on: if you bet a dollar, your reward will reach $36 (your wager multiplied by 35 + the initial amount). Before you play roulette online for money, explore the payout table carefully:
- Straight Up Bet (on one number): 35 to 1
- Split Bet (on two adjacent numbers): 17 to 1
- Street Bet (on three numbers in a row): 11 to 1
- Corner Bet (on four numbers): 8 to 1
- Five-Number Bet (not available in every variation): 5 to 1
- Six-Number Bet (not available in every variation): 6 to 1
- Column (an outside bet on 12 numbers): 2 to 1
- Dozen (an outside bet on any of the three dozens): 2 to 1
- Low/High (an outside bet on 1-18/19-36): 1 to 1
- Red/Black (an outside bet on the color): 1 to 1
- Odd/Even: 1 to 1
It’s generally recommended making many outside bets because they are less risky. Another popular advice given for playing real-money roulette is not to wager your winnings but stick to the initial betting amount. This is relevant to any casino game: set yourself a budget limit and a clear goal before getting involved in a game.
Some people would suggest taking into consideration winning roulette numbers from previous rounds, but there are no mathematically proved data on that. Also, don’t trust any software promising to predict the results.
Basic Strategies To Play Online Roulette for Money
There are numerous strategies applied to roulette, but none of them can guarantee you wins. You can use them as a method to manage your bankroll, though.
The Martingale System
This is probably the most popular betting approach used not only in roulette. It suggests players double the bet after losing. It is aimed at covering previous losses by bigger wins. It sounds logical but can’t be helpful if you’re having bad luck: there are no guarantees you will hit any win regardless of how much you will wager. The Martingale strategy is usually applied to even-money bets that have a probability of 50%. Beware that players that haven’t set a limit may end up with massive losses using this system.
The Reverse Martingale System
As the name suggests, this method implies the opposite of the previous one: increasing the stake after winning, and decreasing it after losing. Again, it doesn’t guarantee you winnings, but in some cases, can help minimize the losses.
The D’Alembert System
This strategy is often described as the safest one. Like the Martingale system, the D’Alambert one offers to increase your bet after losing, not by doubling its value but by adding one unit. If you win at least as many rounds as you lose, you’ll make profits with this method.
The Fibonacci System
This one is more complicated. Fibonacci developed a theory based on the sequence of numbers where each next one is the sum of the previous two. The betting strategy named after this mathematician means increasing your stake gradually, in accordance with such a sequence.
The Labouchere System
Another fancy method is based on famous mathematician’s calculations. Here, you have to define how much you would like to win and then split this amount forming the sequence of numbers. After that, add the values of the first and the last number of the sequence, and you’ll have your bet amount. Cross the numbers and repeat the actions until the sequence is played out.
The James Bond System
Ian Fleming has invented a method of making column bets in roulette with $200: first, you wager $140 on columns with 19-36, second, you spread $50 across 13-18, and third, you place $10 on zero. The system is not very promising, although, it has gained some popularity due to being used in pop culture.
Know the Game Before You Play It
Roulette, just like any other gambling game, requires your attention if you’re up to investing real money in the process. The first step would be to find a tried and tested casino to make sure it will provide fair play. Then, you can try out various types of roulette to find the best one. It’s crucial to learn the odds and the payout table, as this is what your winnings will depend on. Before playing roulette online, set a limit and know when to bow out of the game. Don’t put too much hope in some betting strategies and don’t delude yourself with inflated expectations.